Chercheur·e du réseau


Faculté des sciences humaines
Carl Mörch
Professeur.e associé.e
Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM)
Faculté des sciences humaines
Département de psychologie
Intérêts de recherche
  • Intelligence artificielle
  • Évaluation éthique
  • Compétence morale en IA
Informations générales
Numéro de téléphone : 
(514) 987-4184
Numéro de local : 
SU-R530
Principales réalisations
Canada protocol: An ethical checklist for the use of artificial Intelligence in suicide prevention and mental health

Highlights

•In the field of AI Ethics, one of the main current challenges is to transfer high-level concepts into concepts that can be applied in practice.

•This article presents the design and validation of the content of an ethical checklist (the Canada Protocol) for the use of AI in the field of mental health and suicide prevention.

•The aim of this checklist is to create a bridge between three separated fields: Mental Health, Ethics and Computer Sciences.

•This checklist is intended to help AI developers, researchers and entrepreneurs identify the ethical challenges associated with the use of AI in mental health, and potentially prevent them.

•The Protocol comprises 38 items split into five categories: “Description of the Autonomous Intelligent System” (n = 8), “Privacy and Transparency” (n = 8), “Security” (n = 6), “Health-Related Risks” (n = 8), “Biases” (n = 8).

 

The Darknet and suicide

The Internet contains both public content (“Surface Web”), and private content (“Deep Web”) sometimes hosted on exclusive networks (“Darknets”) only accessible using dedicated software such as TOR (The Onion Router). This software makes it almost impossible to identify its users. Information media have reported on suicide-related aspects of Darknets, for example when poisons that can be used to kill oneself are offered for sale (Le Garff et al., 2016) when users discuss ways to kill oneself in anonymous forums (Ferrara, 2016; Franceschi-Bicchierai, 2015) and suicides that follow bullying or “doxing” (online divulgation without consent of intimate personal information) (Bartlett, 2015). Several recent studies have analyzed the nature of suicide content on the Surface Web, but to date, there have been no systematic investigations of suicidal content available on Darknets.

 

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